数学テスト

All operations 1-20

20 – 12 ÷ 4 = ?

Order of operations

When calculations have more than one operation, we have to follow rules for the order of operations:

Step 1:
From left to right, do all multiplication and division.

$$100−20×3+5 = 100−60+5$$

Step 2:
From left to right, do all addition and subtraction.
$$100−60+5 = 45$$


However, if there are parentheses or other types of brackets, do all operations that lie inside them first:
$$70+36÷(8−2)+1 = 70+36÷6+1=$$
$$ 70+6+1 = 77$$

The order of operations also applies while working inside parentheses:
$$8+(3+3×4) = 8+(3+12) $$
$$= 8+15 = 23$$

When you have parentheses inside brackets and braces (sometimes referred as nested parentheses), always work from the inside out. There are multiple types of brackets. The innermost parentheses/round brackets () are calculated first, followed by the brackets/box brackets [] that normally form the next layer, followed by braces/curly brackets {} that form a third layer outwards:
$${1+[4×(2+3)+1]}÷11=$$
$$={1+[4×5+1]}÷11=$$
$$={1+[20+1]}÷11=$$
$$={1+21}÷11=22÷11=2$$


   
   

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