Square roots

Square roots

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Square roots

The root of a number y is another number, which when multiplied by itself a given number of times, equals y. The second root (also called the square root) of 16 is 4:

We write this as:


For every even-degree root (2nd, 4th, 6th ....) there are two roots. This is because multiplying two positive or two negative numbers both produce a positive result. E.g:


Thus, $√^2{16}=±4$

The value inside the symbol √(called radical) is called radicand. For $√^3{64};;;$ 64 is radicand and 3 is the index.


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