Basic arithmetic operations
Sum - outcome of adding two or more numbers
summand + summand = addend + addend = sum
Related expressions: addition, more than, total, plus, increase, altogether
Calculate the sum of 12 and 3.
What is ten more than twelve?
Difference - outcome of subtracting two numbers
minuend – subtrahend = difference
Related expressions: minus, decrease, difference, deduct, less than, fewer than, take away
Calculate the difference of 12 and 3.
What number is ten less then twelve?
What is 10 fewer than 50?
The parts you subtract or add are also called terms.
Product - outcome of multiplying two or more numbers.
factor × factor = product
Example: Calculate the product of 12 and 3.
Answer: 12 × 3 = 36
Quotient - outcome of division of two numbers
dividend ÷ divisor = quotient
Example: Calculate the quotient of 12 and 3.
Answer: 12 ÷ 3 = 4